africanus fossils; however, for a long time researchers believed A. Raymond Dart created the term ‘osteodontokeratic’ culture (osteo = bone, donto = tooth, keratic = horn) in the 1940s and 1950s because remains of this species were found alongside broken animal bones.Dart assumed these broken animal bones, teeth and horns were used by Au. Despite the carnivorous preferences of their contemporaneous predators, Au. africanus may have eaten from looking at the remains of their teeth---tooth-size, shape, and tooth-wear can all provide diet clues.Sir Arthur Keith, a fellow anatomist and anthropologist, suggested that the skull belonged to a young ape, most likely from an infant gorilla. Robinson discovered a skull belonging to a middle-aged female, (catalogue number STS 5), while blasting at Sterkfontein.It was not until 20 years later that the public accepted the new genus and that australopithecines were a true member of Homininae. Broom classified it also as Plesianthropus transvaalensis, and it was dubbed Mrs.
Why dynamite is not necessarily the best way to excavate human remains....This bipedal adaptation allows the head to balance atop of the neck; while contrastingly, a four-legged ape has its foramen magnum positioned toward the rear of the head to keep its eyes facing forward (and not down) when it moves.How do we know how old the Taung Child was at death?In 1938 Broom classified an adult endocranial cast having a brain capacity of 485 cc, which had been found by G. Ples by Broom's young coworkers (though the skull is now thought to have belonged to a young male).The lack of facial projection in comparison to apes was noted by Raymond Dart (including from Taung Child), a trait in common with more advanced hominines. africanus the South African counterpart was generally similar in many traits, a bipedal hominid with arms slightly larger than the legs (a physical trait also found in chimpanzees).africanus as weapons; however, in the 1970s and 1980s, other scientists began to recognize that predators such as lions, leopards, and hyenas were instead responsible for leaving these broken animal bones. africanus individuals had a diet similar to modern chimpanzees, which consisted of fruit, plants, nuts, seeds, roots, insects, and eggs. Dental microwear studies found more scratches than pits on Au. africanus ate tough foods but also had a very variable diet including softer fruits and plants.africanus teeth compared to a contemporaneous species, P. Year of Discovery: 1924 The Taung child, found in 1924, was the first to establish that early fossil humans occurred in Africa. Raymond Dart described it and named the species Australopithecus africanus (meaning southern ape of Africa), it took more than 20 years for the scientific community to widely accept Australopithecus as a member of the human family tree.Scientists suspect an eagle killed the Taung Child because puncture marks were found at the bottom of the 3-year-old’s eye sockets (see close-up photo below).These marks resemble those made by a modern eagle’s sharp talons and beak when they attack monkeys in Africa today.Many of these small animal bones also have damage resembling that made by modern birds of prey.3-D collection link: The hunter or the hunted?No stone tools have been discovered in the same sediments as A.